Some historically important kinds of marble
, named after the locations of their quarries, include:
Proconnesus from Turkey
Macael from Spain
Danby from Vermont
White marbles, like Carrara
, have been prized for sculpture since classical times. This preference has to do with the softness and relative isotropy and homogeneity, and a relative resistance to shattering. Also, the low index of refraction of calcite
allows light to penetrate several millimeters into the stone before being scattered out, resulting in the characteristic "waxy" look which gives "life" to marble
sculptures of the human body.
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